The objective of this study was to determine the ability to predict benign adnexal masses in postmenopausal women and to evaluate the effectiveness of laparoscopic management in selected patients.Postmenopausal women found to have an adnexal mass were prospectively evaluated with clinical examination, sonography, and serum CA-125 levels. Women with cystic masses greater than 3 cm but less than 10 cm, with distinct borders, without solid parts or septations greater than 2 mm, without ascites or matted bowel, and with serum CA-125 levels less than 35 IU per mL were operated upon by laparoscopy.Sixty-one women gave consent for the study. Cyst size ranged from 3 to 10 cm. All masses were accurately predicted to be benign. Fifty-eight (95 percent) women were successfully managed by operative laparoscopy and three required laparotomy. For the patients managed by laparoscopy, the mean operative time was 63 minutes, the mean postoperative hospitalization period was 12 hours, and the mean return to normal activity was 5.6 days.The combination of clinical examination, sonographic appearance and serum CA-125 levels can accurately predict benign masses in postmenopausal women. Operative laparoscopy is acceptable for these patients and provides for a short period of hospitalization and a rapid recovery.
View details for Web of Science ID A1994PV57200015
View details for PubMedID 7952486