To determine compliance with recommendations for mammographic or surgical follow-up after fine-needle aspiration biopsy of non-palpable breast lesions.The authors reviewed the medical records of 419 patients in whom surgical or mammographic follow-up had been recommended after fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Mammographic, clinical, and follow-up findings were correlated with patient outcome. Of 466 lesions, 395 lesions in 359 patients (age range, 24-89 years; average age, 55 years) were nonpalpable and composed the study.Excisional biopsy was recommended in 141 cases (35.7%) and close-interval mammographic surveillance in 165 (41.8%). Biopsy was performed in 122 (86.5%) of the 141 cases in which it was recommended. Of 165 cases in which follow-up mammography was recommended, 84 (50.9%) were resolved at the close of the study. In the remaining cases, women either did not return (n = 24), were followed up elsewhere or moved (n = 35), were lost to follow-up by their physicians (n = 17), or were lost to follow-up for other reasons (n = 5).Noncompliance with follow-up recommendations is an important issue undermining the benefits of fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Difficulty in tracking patients hinders assessment of patient compliance.
View details for Web of Science ID A1996VJ11400019
View details for PubMedID 8816523