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Acute kidney failure in surgical patients is often related to severe infection. Renal vasoconstriction is a major factor in the genesis of kidney failure. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are known to mediate kidney injury after ischemia-reperfusion and are increased during sepsis. The role of ROS as mediators of intrarenal vasoconstriction and renal dysfunction during sepsis is unclear. Lazaroids such as U74389G are radical quenching antioxidants that inhibit ROS-induced lipid peroxidation. We sought to determine whether radical scavenging affected the renal microvascular response to a septic challenge.In vivo videomicroscopy was used to study the rat hydronephrotic kidney. Interlobular artery (ILA) diameter and flow, afferent and efferent arteriolar diameters, and cardiac output were measured. U74389G or vehicle was infused before a bolus injection of live Escherichia coli or normal saline solution.U74389G alone had no effect on the renal vessels or hemodynamics. E. coli caused preglomerular vasoconstriction (ILA, -32%; afferent, -30% of baseline) and hypoperfusion (-66%) despite increased cardiac output (+54%). U74389G significantly attenuated both the constriction (ILA, -16%; afferent, -9%) and hypoperfusion (-38%) but not increased cardiac output (+41%).E. coli bacteremia led to preglomerular vasoconstriction and hypoperfusion. Inhibition of lipid peroxidation with the radical scavenger U74389G reduced this effect without altering central hemodynamic responses. Free radicals have a deleterious effect on the renal microcirculation during bacteremia, and these data suggest that antioxidants may be of value in preventing sepsis-associated kidney failure.
View details for Web of Science ID A1996VP42300024
View details for PubMedID 8862374