Early Doppler echocardiographic dysfunction is associated with an increased mortality after orthotopic cardiac transplantation. Circulation Ross, H. J., Gullestad, L., Hunt, S. A., TOVEY, D. A., PURYEAR, J. B., McMillan, A., Stinson, E. B., Valantine, H. A. 1996; 94 (9): II289-93


Doppler echocardiographic (DE) diastolic dysfunction has been correlated with rejection after orthotopic cardiac transplantation (Tx). However, the relationship of early diastolic dysfunction to late outcome is unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess the correlation between early DE diastolic dysfunction and outcome after heart Tx.Of 133 patients undergoing heart Tx between October 1990 and April 1994, 83 were identified with > or = 4 routine DE performed during the first 6 months. Assessment of diastolic function included measurement of isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT), pressure half-time (PHT), and peak early mitral inflow velocity (M1). Diastolic dysfunction was defined as a decrease of 15% from baseline (IVRT and PHT) or an increase of 20% (M1). A mean dysfunction score (MDS) was calculated for each patient (number of episodes of dysfunction by Doppler total number of echocardiograms performed). The population diastole MDS was determined and two groups established (group 1, MDS < mean; group 2, MDS > mean). Actuarial survival, rejection, and transplant coronary artery disease (TxCAD) were compared between groups. Actuarial survival was significantly reduced in patients with greater early diastolic dysfunction (P < .05). There were 17 deaths overall: 5 in group 1 (mean, 786 days) and 12 in group 2 (mean, 384 days). There were no significant differences in treated rejection episodes, actuarial freedom from rejection or TxCAD, immunosuppression, sex, donor age, donor ischemic time, or cytomegalovirus between the two groups.Diastolic dysfunction within 6 months of transplant was associated with an increased late mortality.

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