Catalysis of guanine nucleotide formation from IMP in the de novo purine synthetic pathway is carried out by two isoforms of the enzyme inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) that are catalytically indistinguishable but are encoded by separate genes. In order to assess the potential for cell type-specific expression of IMPDH activity, we have characterized the IMPDH type I gene and identified three major RNA transcripts that are differentially expressed from three different promoters. A 4.0-kilobase pair (kb) mRNA containing 1.3 kb of 5'-untranslated region is expressed in activated peripheral blood lymphocytes and to a far lesser extent in cultured tumor cell lines. The P1 promoter that regulates the transcription of this mRNA has a high degree of sequence identity to an Alu repetitive sequence. A transcript of 2.7 kb is found in a subset of the tumor cell lines examined, whereas a 2.5-kb mRNA species is universally expressed and is the prevalent mRNA in most cell lines and tissues. The relative strengths of the three promoter regions and the effects of variable extents of 5'-flanking sequence on the P3 promoter differ in Jurkat T, as compared with Raji B lymphoid cell lines, demonstrating a complex cell type-specific transcriptional regulation of IMPDH type I gene expression.
View details for Web of Science ID A1997WH01900086
View details for PubMedID 9020170