To evaluate the long-term results of peripheral biliary diversion by means of anastomoses of the left lobe of the liver to the stomach.Transhepatic perforation of the left lobe of the liver into the lesser curvature of the stomach was performed in 35 patients with a presumed diagnosis of malignant obstructive jaundice. Jaundice was found to be caused by a malignant stricture in 32 patients and a benign stricture in three. Perforation was performed under fluoroscopic, endoscopic, and laparoscopic guidance in 33 patients and without laparoscopy in the other two. The hepaticogastric anastomosis was secured with a gastrostomy tube; patency of the tract was maintained with placement of a metallic stent. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to evaluate survival, anastomosis patency rate, and jaundice recurrence.Technical success was achieved in all patients. Two (6%) patients had anastomotic obstruction. The actuarial survival rate was 91%, 80%, 59%, and 26% at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. The mean patency was 234 days +/- 252. The jaundice-free rate among surviving patients was 100%, 96%, 93%, and 80% at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. The reintervention rate was 14%. Late cholangitis occurred in seven (20%) patients.This peripheral diversion procedure appears to be safe and shows good long-term patency.
View details for Web of Science ID A1997XR60200031
View details for PubMedID 9280259