Familial occurrence of unilateral vestibular schwannoma 100th Annual Meeting of the American-Laryngological-Rhinological-and-Otological-Society Bikhazi, N. B., Slattery, W. H., Lalwani, A. K., Jackler, R. K., Bikhazi, P. H., Brackmann, D. E. WILEY-BLACKWELL. 1997: 1176–80


Vestibular schwannoma (VS) may present clinically in one of two forms: sporadic unilateral or hereditary bilateral. Almost all cases of familial transmission have been associated with the diagnosis of neurofibromatosis type II (NF-2). In this report, we describe nine families (18 individuals) presenting with unilateral VS without evidence of NF-2. In four of the nine families, the affected individuals were of parent-offspring relationship, in three families they were cousin-cousin, and in the remaining two families, they were sibling-sibling and aunt-nephew. No other members of the families were diagnosed with NF-2. There was no evidence for gender predilection or genomic imprinting among affected individuals. This study suggests that familial occurrence of unilateral VS may be genetically inherited as it occurs more commonly than would be estimated by chance alone. Future genetic studies will elucidate whether occurrence of unilateral VS in these families represents a variable expression of NF-2, chance occurrence of unilateral VS in families, or a new genetic disorder.

View details for Web of Science ID A1997XV10400004

View details for PubMedID 9292599