To determine if the lower milliampere second setting and shorter acquisition time of subsecond spiral computed tomography (CT) affects the image quality of thoracic CT scans.In 92 consecutive outpatients referred for thoracic CT, spiral CT (120 kV, 292 mA) was performed with 1-second (n = 45) or 0.75-second (n = 47) scanning time. An equal percentage of patients (70%) in each group received intravenous contrast medium. At six mediastinal and six lung zones, degradation due to motion and noise, respectively, were graded independently on a four-point scale by three blinded radiologists. Statistically significant differences were determine with a two-tailed test.Mediastinal image quality was significantly better on 0.75-second scans than on 1-seconds scans (P < .001). Regions with the greatest improvement in image quality were around the aortic root, cardiac ventricles, and aortic arch. Lung image quality was also better on 0.75-second scans than on 1-second scans (P = .04). On 0.75- and 1-second scans, respectively, motion-related artifacts were found to degrade image quality 6.2 and 8.7 times more than noise-related artifacts in the mediastinum and 2.6 and 3.9 times more in the lungs.Subsecond spiral CT is associated with improved clarity and diminished motion artifacts on mediastinal and pulmonary images when compared with 1-second spiral CT.
View details for Web of Science ID 000075488200033
View details for PubMedID 9722858