A cemented femoral component's surface finish may influence implant function through variations in cement adhesion and abrasion properties. Morphologic characterization of historic and current femoral hip prosthesis surface finishes show greater than x 20 range in implant roughness. Early implants typically had relatively smooth surfaces, whereas many of the more recent implants have rougher surface finishes. Smoother implant surfaces have lower cement-metal interface fixation strength, whereas rougher surfaces have greater fixation strength. With interface motion, the smoother surfaces are less abrasive of bone cement, whereas rougher implant surfaces are more abrasive. Because of enhanced bone cement attachment, rougher implant surfaces may have a lower probability of interface motion, while at the same time, a higher debris generation consequence if motion occurs. In contrast, smoother implant surfaces may have a higher probability of interface motion with a lower debris generating consequence of that motion. The prolonged use of cemented total hip replacement may be approached by either extending the duration of implant function after cement-metal interface loosening with smooth surfaced implants or, in contrast, by extending the duration of cement-metal interface adhesion with rougher surfaced implants.
View details for Web of Science ID 000077148700010
View details for PubMedID 9917594