CD40-CD40 ligand (CD40L) interactions play a critical role in the activationof cellular immunity. CD40L enhances the antigen presentation function of CD40-expressing B cells. We have used a murine B-cell lymphoma model (A20) to study the in vivo antitumor effect of the administration of tumor cells transduced with a recombinant adenovirus encoding CD40L (AdvCD40L). After infection with AdvCD40L, A20 tumor cells up-regulate several T-cell costimulatory molecules (CD80, CD86, ICAM-1, and LFA-3) and Fas expression. Animals vaccinated with irradiated tumor cells transduced with AdvCD40L are protected against a lethal dose of parental A20 tumor cells. Animals with pre-existing tumors treated with AdvCD40L-transduced tumor cells display inhibition of the tumor growth, and this treatment confers a survival advantage. In vivo depletion studies demonstrate that both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells mediate the antitumor immunity provided by AdvCD40L-transduced tumor cells. These results show that genetic modification of tumor B cells with CD40L can be a useful strategy to promote systemic immunity against B-cell malignancies and provide an in vivo system to allow for additional evaluation and refinement of this approach.
View details for Web of Science ID 000176038500032
View details for PubMedID 12036933