V. Uterine fibroid embolization: management of complications. Techniques in vascular and interventional radiology Sterling, K. M., Vogelzang, R. L., Chrisman, H. B., Worthington-Kirsch, R. L., Machan, L. S., Goodwin, S. C., Andrews, R. T., Hovsepian, D. M., Smith, S. J., Bonn, J. 2002; 5 (1): 56-66


Fortunately, the number of complications reported after uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) is extremely low. Angiographic mishap or drug reaction are probably more common than purely UFE-related complications. However, the possibility of infection or necrosis of the uterus, with their significant attendant morbidity, is a sobering reminder that embolotherapy can have a powerful impact on the target organ(s). Knowledge of the expected time course for symptom resolution and the often confusing imaging findings shortly after UFE are critical for avoiding unnecessary delay in surgical intervention or, perhaps more important, an inappropriate rush to surgery when antibiotics alone will suffice. Other complications include alteration of uterine physiology, which may disrupt sexual function, and menstrual irregularity and even premature menopause.

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