Fludarabine-Based Conditioning for Marrow Transplantation from Unrelated Donors in Severe Aplastic Anemia: Early Results of a Cyclophosphamide Dose Deescalation Study Show Life-Threatening Adverse Events at Predefined Cyclophosphamide Dose Levels BIOLOGY OF BLOOD AND MARROW TRANSPLANTATION Tolar, J., Deeg, H. J., Arai, S., Horwitz, M., Antin, J. H., McCarty, J. M., Adams, R. H., Ewell, M., Leifer, E. S., Gersten, I. D., Carter, S. L., Horowitz, M. M., Nakamura, R., Pulsipher, M. A., DiFronzo, N. L., Confer, D. L., Eapen, M., Anderlini, P. 2012; 18 (7): 1007-1011


Excessive adverse events were encountered in a Phase I/II study of cyclophosphamide (CY) dose deescalation in a fludarabine-based conditioning regimen for bone marrow transplantation from unrelated donors in patients with severe aplastic anemia. All patients received fixed doses of antithymocyte globulin, fludarabine, and low-dose total body irradiation. The starting CY dose was 150 mg/kg, with deescalation to 100 mg/kg, 50 mg/kg, or 0 mg/kg. CY dose level 0 mg/kg was closed due to graft failure in 3 of 3 patients. CY dose level 150 mg/kg was closed due to excessive organ toxicity (n = 6) or viral pneumonia (n = 1), resulting in the death of 7 of 14 patients. CY dose levels 50 and 100 mg/kg remain open. Thus, CY at doses of 150 mg/kg in combination with total body irradiation (2 Gy), fludarabine (120 mg/m(2)), and antithymocyte globulin was associated with excessive organ toxicity.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.bbmt.2012.04.014

View details for Web of Science ID 000305667900005

View details for PubMedID 22546497

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3677744