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A 59-yr-old man developed fevers, shortness of breath, persistent cough and weight loss, shortly after initiation of therapy with interferon-alpha 2a and cytosine arabinoside for treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia. Radiologic pulmonary infiltrates and lung tissue biopsy were consistent with bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP). After discontinuation of the chemotherapeutic drugs, the pneumonic symptoms and chest roentgenogram infiltrates resolved. This report suggests that treatment with interferon-alpha, in combination with cytosine arabinoside, may produce the rare complication of BOOP.
View details for Web of Science ID 000173874400006
View details for PubMedID 11872080