Vaccination with antigenic peptides encoding tumor antigens has the potential to be an effective treatment for cancer. To induce tumor-specific cellular immune responses, a peptide antigen must be presented by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) to T-cells in the lymphatic tissues. Effective in vivo delivery of peptide antigens to APCs has been problematic. Here we use a model antigen from the HPV16 E7 protein to formulate LPD/E7 particles that upon iv administration are internalized by CD11c(+) and CD11b(+) cells in the marginal zone of the spleen. Either iv or sc vaccination with LPD/E7 particles induces E7-specific CTL responses stronger than those obtained using previously described liposome/peptide strategies and prevents the establishment of E7-expressing tumors. Furthermore, the administration of LPD/E7 particles to tumor-bearing mice caused complete tumor regression in 100% of the treated animals. Based on these studies, the entrapment of peptide antigens inside LPD particles may be an effective and generally applicable strategy for the enhancement of peptide vaccine potency.
View details for DOI 10.1016/S1525-0016(03)00064-9
View details for Web of Science ID 000182645800012
View details for PubMedID 12718907