The development of malignant neoplasms has been reported as a rare complication of the use of implanted biomaterials. The majority of these cases have been sarcomas related to orthopedic hardware. The authors present the first reported case of a sarcoma arising in association with a dental implant.A 38-year-old woman developed a low-grade chondroblastic osteosarcoma of the right maxilla 11 months after receiving a titanium dental implant. She was treated with systemic chemotherapy and then a maxillary resection. As of this publication, 47 months later, she is alive and disease-free.The use of endosseous implants has been associated with a low risk for the development of cancer. As the use of dental implants continues to expand, dentists need to be aware of this rare but devastating complication.
View details for Web of Science ID 000258430500015
View details for PubMedID 18682619