Study Type - Therapy (case control) Level of Evidence 3b What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Angiotensin II is the main effector peptide in the bladder local renin-angiotensin system. This experiment demonstrates the role of this local renin-angiotensin system with respect to bladder outlet obstruction.• To determine if treatment with an angiotensin II type 1 (AT-1) receptor antagonist, losartan, can prevent the structural and functional changes that occur in a mouse model of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO).• Twenty-four Balb/CAN mice underwent partial urethral obstruction for 6 weeks. • Twelve mice were given oral losartan (10 mg/kg/day), and 12 were not. Six mice served as unobstructed controls, and six unobstructed mice were given oral losartan (10 mg/kg/day) to determine the effect of angiotensin II inhibition on the normal bladder. • Bladder capacity (C), detrusor pressure during voiding (Pdet) and volume at first non-voiding contraction (NVC1) as a percentage of C were recorded after 6 weeks. • Bladders were stained with haematoxylin and eosin for measurement of detrusor muscular thickness, and graded as 1 = atrophy (<100 µm thick), 2 = normal (100-200 µm thick), 3 = hypertrophy (>200 µm thick) compared with controls.• Compared with controls, BOO mice had greater C (153.5 ± 20.9 vs 57.5 ± 7.4 µl, P < 0.01), higher Pdet (28.8 ± 2.1 vs 12.1 ± 2.1 mm Hg), lower NVC1 (median = 24% vs 54% P= 0.03). BOO mice manifested greater bladder weight (93.2 ± 11.7 mg vs 26.8 ± 2.40 mg, P < 0.01) and greater detrusor muscle thickness (median 3 vs 2, P= 0.02). • Compared with untreated BOO mice, mice treated with losartan had greater mean C (248.8 ± 28.6 vs 153.5 ± 20.9 µL, P= 0.01), no significant change in mean Pdet (24.7 ± 1.6 vs 28.8 ± 2.1 mm Hg, P= 0.2) and a higher mean NVC1 (47% vs 24%, P= 0.02). • Treatment with losartan mediated an insignificant reduction in mean bladder weight (68.1 ± 9.1 mg vs 93.2 ± 11.7 mg, P= 0.10), but a significant reduction in detrusor muscle thickness (median 2 vs 3, P= 0.02). Losartan did not mediate any significant structural or functional changes in the unobstructed mouse bladder.• In a mouse model of BOO, treatment with an AT-1 antagonist partially prevented the urodynamic and structural changes that otherwise occur with BOO.
View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2011.10580.x
View details for Web of Science ID 000304302200025
View details for PubMedID 21939491