CD1d restricted natural killer T cells are not required for allergic skin inflammation JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY Elkhal, A., Pichavant, M., He, R., Scott, J., Meyer, E., Goya, S., Geha, R. S., Umetsu, D. T. 2006; 118 (6): 1363-1368


Invariant T-cell receptor-positive natural killer (iNKT) cells have been shown to be essential for the development of allergen-induced airway hyperreactivity (AHR).We examined the role of iNKT cells in allergic skin inflammation using a murine model of atopic dermatitis (AD) elicited by epicutaneous sensitization with ovalbumin (OVA).Wild-type (WT) and natural killer T-cell-deficient CD1d-/- mice were epicutaneously sensitized with OVA or normal saline and challenged with aerosolized OVA. iNKT cells in skin and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were analyzed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting, and cytokine mRNA levels were measured by quantitative RT-PCR. AHR to methacholine was measured after OVA inhalation.Skin infiltration by eosinophils and CD4+ cells and expression of mRNA encoding IL-4 and IL-13 in OVA-sensitized skin were similar in WT and CD1d-/- mice. No significant increase in iNKT cells was detectable in epicutaneously sensitized skin. In contrast, iNKT cells were found in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from OVA-challenged epicutaneously sensitized WT mice, but not CD1d-/- mice. Epicutaneously sensitized CD1d-/- mice had an impaired expression of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 mRNA in the lung and failed to develop AHR in response to airway challenge with OVA.These results demonstrate that iNKT cells are not required for allergic skin inflammation in a murine model of AD, in contrast with airway inflammation, in which iNKT cells are essential.Understanding the potential role of iNKT cells in AD will allow us to have a more specific target for therapeutic use.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jaci.2006.08.010

View details for Web of Science ID 000242880300025

View details for PubMedID 17157667