Role of endogenous interferon gamma in murine tumor growth and tumor necrosis factor alpha antitumor efficacy ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY Doherty, G. M., Alexander, H. R., MERINO, M. J., VENZON, D. J., NORTON, J. A. 1996; 3 (2): 198-203


The anticancer role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) has been limited by toxicity. These experiments evaluate blocking endogenous interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) activity to abrogate TNF-alpha toxicity.C57B1/6 mice bearing MCA 105 tumor were treated with TNF-alpha and anti-IFN-gamma antibody (Ab) to evaluate the effect on the acute lethality of TNF-alpha and their efficacy as evaluated by tumor growth rate, tumor histology, and survival.Anti-IFN-gamma Ab decreased TNF-alpha lethality. Anti-IFN-gamma Ab alone increased tumor growth significantly more than did nonimmune IgG (p2 < 0.0001). Tumor-bearing mice that received nonimmune IgG and TNF-alpha had slower tumor growth (p2 < 0.02) and a trend toward improved survival (p = 0.07) compared with saline-treated controls. Anti-IFN-gamma Ab abrogated the antitumor effect of TNF-alpha, prevented acute tumor necrosis histologically, and resulted in tumor growth rate and host survival similar to that of controls. The findings in mice that received anti-IFN-gamma Ab and high-dose TNF-alpha were comparable with those in mice that received a lower, equitoxic dose of TNF-alpha alone.Blocking endogenous IFN-gamma accelerates tumor growth in this model and partially abrogates the toxic and antitumor activity of exogenous TNF-alpha equally. This suggests that blocking endogenous IFN-gamma activity is not a useful strategy for limiting TNF-alpha treatment toxicity.

View details for Web of Science ID A1996TX81500015

View details for PubMedID 8646522