The anticancer role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) has been limited by toxicity. These experiments evaluate blocking endogenous interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) activity to abrogate TNF-alpha toxicity.C57B1/6 mice bearing MCA 105 tumor were treated with TNF-alpha and anti-IFN-gamma antibody (Ab) to evaluate the effect on the acute lethality of TNF-alpha and their efficacy as evaluated by tumor growth rate, tumor histology, and survival.Anti-IFN-gamma Ab decreased TNF-alpha lethality. Anti-IFN-gamma Ab alone increased tumor growth significantly more than did nonimmune IgG (p2 < 0.0001). Tumor-bearing mice that received nonimmune IgG and TNF-alpha had slower tumor growth (p2 < 0.02) and a trend toward improved survival (p = 0.07) compared with saline-treated controls. Anti-IFN-gamma Ab abrogated the antitumor effect of TNF-alpha, prevented acute tumor necrosis histologically, and resulted in tumor growth rate and host survival similar to that of controls. The findings in mice that received anti-IFN-gamma Ab and high-dose TNF-alpha were comparable with those in mice that received a lower, equitoxic dose of TNF-alpha alone.Blocking endogenous IFN-gamma accelerates tumor growth in this model and partially abrogates the toxic and antitumor activity of exogenous TNF-alpha equally. This suggests that blocking endogenous IFN-gamma activity is not a useful strategy for limiting TNF-alpha treatment toxicity.
View details for Web of Science ID A1996TX81500015
View details for PubMedID 8646522