Typically, ovarian cancer remains restricted to the peritoneal cavity. Because of this unique localization, the study of ovarian cancer is particularly suitable for immune analysis and for the development of immunotherapy. Here we report that peritoneal fluid from patients with ovarian or other intra-abdominal cancers contained significantly elevated levels of interleukin 10 (IL-10) (542 +/- 77 pg/ml, N = 35), compared with peritoneal fluid from patients with benign gynecological conditions (34.2 +/- 7.5 pg/ml, N = 63) (P < 0.001). Peritoneal fluid IL-10 levels did not correlate with histology, tumor stage, grade, or prognosis. IL-10 levels were also elevated in the serum of patients with intra-abdominal cancer (1353 +/- 906, N = 8). Established ovarian cancer cell lines (N = 5) did not produce any detectable IL-10. Investigation of the cell surface phenotype of the cells in the peritoneal cavity indicated the presence of significant amounts of activated immune cells. The presence of cytokines such as IL-10 in the peritoneal cavity of ovarian cancer bearing patients could be important in the growth and development of cancer, more specifically, in relation to host immune responsiveness.
View details for Web of Science ID A1992JR61600008
View details for PubMedID 1421000