Epicardial ablation can be employed to treat ventricular tachycardia. Voltage attenuation in regions of fat can mimic epicardial scar, limiting its specificity. Ablation over fat may not be as effective. Prior animal data have shown that infarcted myocardium has lower impedance than normal, and human bioimpedance studies suggest peripheral fat displays higher impedance. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that human epicardial fat has higher impedance than myocardium when measured with standard ablation tools.Patients undergoing elective surgery for coronary artery or valve disease were enrolled. A reference patch was placed on the patients' back between the scapulae and connected to a standard RF generator (Stockert, GmBH, Germany). Impedance was measured by passing a 1 µA, 50 kHz current from the catheter tip to the patch. After sternotomy but before initiation of cardiopulmonary bypass, an ablation catheter (Celsius, Biosense Webster, Diamond Bar, CA, USA) was placed onto the epicardial surface in ventricular regions visually identified as fat or myocardium. At each site, impedance was recorded from the generator.A total of 37 (7 patients) points were sampled. Impedance was significantly higher in regions of fat versus normal muscle (697 O vs. 301 O; P = 0.01). Moreover, normal sites from the LV had higher impedance than from the RV (381 O vs. 271 O; P = 0.01).Human epicardial fat has higher tissue impedance than normal muscle. Using epicardial impedance and voltage mapping in conjunction may improve differentiation of arrhythmia substrate from epicardial fat and improve the efficacy of epicardial ablation.
View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1540-8167.2010.01929.x
View details for Web of Science ID 000289470700013
View details for PubMedID 20946231