To correlate treatment responses with numbers and types of "host cell infiltrates," lymphoid tissues from 10 patients with low-grade B cell malignancies were stained before, during, and after anti-idiotype therapy with a panel of monoclonal antibodies applied to frozen sections. Tissue penetration by the anti-idiotype antibodies was confirmed in five patients by these immunoperoxidase methods. Large numbers of phenotypic T helper cells were the main component of the "host infiltrate" in most patients. Two patients showed a complete and a near-complete clinical remission, four others had partial responses, and four did not respond to therapy. The two patients that developed clinical remission demonstrated the largest number of T cells, T helper cells, TAC+ cells, Leu-7+ cells, and in general the smallest number of proliferating cells as measured by the Ki-67 antibody. Other major differences in host cells were not evident among the patients. These preliminary data suggest that the type and amount of "host infiltrate" in low-grade B cell lymphomas may predict which patients will respond to anti-idiotype therapy.
View details for Web of Science ID A1985AUL1400096
View details for PubMedID 2933460