Gunshot Injuries in Children Served by Emergency Services PEDIATRICS Newgard, C. D., Kuppermann, N., Holmes, J. F., Haukoos, J. S., Wetzel, B., Hsia, R. Y., Wang, N. E., Bulger, E. M., Staudenmayer, K., Mann, N. C., Barton, E. D., Wintemute, G. 2013; 132 (5): 862-870


To describe the incidence, injury severity, resource use, mortality, and costs for children with gunshot injuries, compared with other injury mechanisms.This was a population-based, retrospective cohort study (January 1, 2006-December 31, 2008) including all injured children age = 19 years with a 9-1-1 response from 47 emergency medical services agencies transporting to 93 hospitals in 5 regions of the western United States. Outcomes included population-adjusted incidence, injury severity score = 16, major surgery, blood transfusion, mortality, and average per-patient acute care costs.A total of 49,983 injured children had a 9-1-1 emergency medical services response, including 505 (1.0%) with gunshot injuries (83.2% age 15-19 years, 84.5% male). The population-adjusted annual incidence of gunshot injuries was 7.5 cases/100,000 children, which varied 16-fold between regions. Compared with children who had other mechanisms of injury, those injured by gunshot had the highest proportion of serious injuries (23%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 17.6-28.4), major surgery (32%, 95% CI 26.1-38.5), in-hospital mortality (8.0%, 95% CI 4.7-11.4), and costs ($28,510 per patient, 95% CI 22,193-34,827).Despite being less common than other injury mechanisms, gunshot injuries cause a disproportionate burden of adverse outcomes in children, particularly among older adolescent males. Public health, injury prevention, and health policy solutions are needed to reduce gunshot injuries in children.

View details for DOI 10.1542/peds.2013-1350

View details for PubMedID 24127481