Phase Angle, Frailty and Mortality in Older Adults JOURNAL OF GENERAL INTERNAL MEDICINE Wilhelm-Leen, E. R., Hall, Y. N., Horwitz, R. I., Chertow, G. M. 2014; 29 (1): 147-154


Frailty is a multidimensional phenotype that describes declining physical function and a vulnerability to adverse outcomes in the setting of physical stress such as illness or hospitalization. Phase angle is a composite measure of tissue resistance and reactance measured via bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Whether phase angle is associated with frailty and mortality in the general population is unknown.To evaluate associations among phase angle, frailty and mortality.Population-based survey.Third National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (1988-1994).In all, 4,667 persons aged 60 and older.Frailty was defined according to a set of criteria derived from a definition previously described and validated.Narrow phase angle (the lowest quintile) was associated with a four-fold higher odds of frailty among women and a three-fold higher odds of frailty among men, adjusted for age, sex, race-ethnicity and comorbidity. Over a 12-year follow-up period, the adjusted relative hazard for mortality associated with narrow phase angle was 2.4 (95 % confidence interval [95 % CI] 1.8 to 3.1) in women and 2.2 (95 % CI 1.7 to 2.9) in men. Narrow phase angle was significantly associated with mortality even among participants with little or no comorbidity.Analyses of BIA and frailty were cross-sectional; BIA was not measured serially and incident frailty during follow-up was not assessed. Participants examined at home were excluded from analysis because they did not undergo BIA.Narrow phase angle is associated with frailty and mortality independent of age and comorbidity.

View details for DOI 10.1007/s11606-013-2585-z

View details for PubMedID 24002625