Matrix metalloproteinase inhibition decreases ischemia-reperfusion injury after lung transplantation AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPLANTATION Soccal, P. M., Gasche, Y., Miniati, D. N., Hoyt, G., Berry, G. J., Doyle, R. L., Theodore, J., Robbins, R. C. 2004; 4 (1): 41-50


Increased microvascular permeability and extravasation of inflammatory cells are key events of lung ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) in IR-induced alveolar capillary membrane disruption after experimental lung transplantation. We used a rat model of lung orthotopic transplantation (n = 86) with a prolonged cold ischemic phase. MMP2 and MMP9 were elevated 4 h after the onset of ischemia and further increased during reperfusion. Compared to sham values, the alveolar-capillary membrane permeability increased by 105% and 82.6% after 4 h of ischemia and 2 h or 24 h of reperfusion, respectively. A 4- and 5-fold increase of the infiltration of ischemic tissue by neutrophils was also observed after 2 h and 24 h of reperfusion. The PO2/FIO2 ratio dropped significantly from 244 to 76.6 after 2 h of reperfusion and from 296.4 to 127.6 after 24 h of reperfusion. A nonselective inhibitor of MMP, administered to the rats and added to the preservation solution, reduced significantly the alveolar-capillary leakage, the transmigration of neutrophils and improved gas exchanges in animals submitted to 4 h of ischemia combined with 2 h or 24 h of reperfusion. We conclude that inhibition of MMP attenuates IR injury after experimental lung transplantation.

View details for DOI 10.1046/j.1600-6135.2003.00277.x

View details for Web of Science ID 000187242700008

View details for PubMedID 14678033