Pharmacological inhibition of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway prevents G(1) cell cycle progression into S, resulting in G(1) accumulation. The hypothesis that this arrest might negatively impact on chemotherapeutic agents primarily effective in S, G(2) or M-phase was investigated.Inhibition of PI3K/Akt pathway signaling via LY294002 and Akti-1/2 was demonstrated by immunoblotting. Cell cycle progression was determined by flow cytometric analysis. Cell proliferation was assayed using the XTT cell viability assay. The Chou and Talalay median effect principal was used to evaluate drug interaction.In SKOV3 and IGROV1 human ovarian cancer cells, LY294002 and Akti-1/2 increased the percentage of cells in G(1) and reversed the cell cycle effects of cisplatin, paclitaxel, gemcitabine and topotecan. Pathway blockade synergistically enhanced the cytotoxicity of cisplatin and paclitaxel, but antagonized gemcitabine and topotecan effects.Pharmacological PI3K/Akt inhibition antagonizes the efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents primarily effective in the S or G(2)-phase of the cell cycle.
View details for Web of Science ID 000299985800007
View details for PubMedID 22287731