Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) plays a crucial role in the hydrolysis of triacylglycerol and cholesteryl ester in various tissues including adipose tissues. To explore the role of HSL in the metabolism of fat and carbohydrate, we have generated mice lacking both leptin and HSL (Lep(ob/ob)/HSL(-/-)) by cross-breeding HSL(-/-) mice with genetically obese Lep(ob/ob) mice. Unexpectedly, Lep(ob/ob)/HSL(-/-) mice ate less food, gained less weight, and had lower adiposity than Lep(ob/ob)/HSL(+/+) mice. Lep(ob/ob)/HSL(-/-) mice had massive accumulation of preadipocytes in white adipose tissues with increased expression of preadipocyte-specific genes (CAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta and adipose differentiation-related protein) and decreased expression of genes characteristic of mature adipocytes (CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha, peroxisome proliferator activator receptor gamma, and adipocyte determination and differentiation factor 1/sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1). Consistent with the reduced food intake, hypothalamic expression of neuropeptide Y and agouti-related peptide was decreased. Since HSL is expressed in hypothalamus, we speculate that defective generation of free fatty acids in the hypothalamus due to the absence of HSL mediates the altered expression of these orexigenic neuropeptides. Thus, deficiency of both leptin and HSL has unmasked novel roles of HSL in adipogenesis as well as in feeding behavior.
View details for DOI 10.1074/jbc.M310985200
View details for Web of Science ID 000220594700073
View details for PubMedID 14752112