This study tests the hypothesis that transcription factor activation by exposure of macrophages to titanium particles can be modulated by the addition of the antiinflammatory cytokine, interleukin 10 (IL-10). The experiments were carried out with primary human monocyte/macrophages that were treated in the presence or absence of IL-10 with and without exposure to titanium particles. The time course for experiments varied from 1 h-5 h for analysis of nuclear protein and up to 48 h for analysis of cytokine release. Transcription factor translocation to the nucleus was analyzed using electrophoretic gel shift assays and cytokine release was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Addition of titanium particles increased release of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta). In addition, titantium particle induced translocation of the transcription factors, NF-kappa B and NF-IL6, in the nucleus within 1 h. Treatment of macrophages with IL-10 prior to exposure to titanium particles decreased translocation of NF-IL6 but did not significantly alter nuclear levels of NF-kappa B. In addition, pretreatment of the cells with IL-10 decreased particle-induced cytokine release. These data show that antiinflammatory cytokines may provide a mechanism by which particle-induced inflammatory response may be modulated in vivo.
View details for PubMedID 14999749