Does septal-lateral annular cinching work for chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation? 29th Annual Meeting of the Western-Thoracic-Surgical-Association Tibayan, F. A., Rodriguez, F., Langer, F., Zasio, M. K., Bailey, L., Liang, D., Daughters, G. T., Ingels, N. B., Miller, D. C. MOSBY-ELSEVIER. 2004: 654–63

Abstract

Ring annuloplasty, the current treatment of choice for chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation, abolishes dynamic annular motion and immobilizes the posterior leaflet. In a model of chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation, we tested septal-lateral annular cinching aimed at maintaining normal annular and leaflet dynamics.Twenty-five sheep had radiopaque markers placed on the mitral annulus and anterior and posterior mitral leaflets. A transannular suture was anchored to the midseptal mitral annulus and externalized through the midlateral mitral annulus. After 7 days, biplane cinefluoroscopy provided 3-dimensional marker data (baseline) prior to creating inferior myocardial infarction by snare occlusion of obtuse marginal branches. After 7 weeks, the 9 animals that developed chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation were restudied before and after septal-lateral annular cinching. Anterior and posterior mitral leaflet angular excursion and annular septal-lateral and commissure-commissure dimensions and percent shortening were computed.Septal-lateral annular cinching reduced septal-lateral dimension (baseline: 3.0 +/- 0.2; chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation: 3.5 +/- 0.4 [P <.05 vs baseline by repeated measures analysis of variance and Dunnett's test]; septal-lateral annular cinching: 2.4 +/- 0.3 cm; maximum dimension) and eliminated chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation (baseline: 0.6 +/- 0.5; chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation: 2.3 +/- 1.0 [P <.05 vs baseline by repeated measures analysis of variance and Dunnett's test]; septal-lateral annular cinching: 0.6 +/- 0.6; mitral regurgitation grade [0 to 4+]) but did not alter dynamic annular shortening (baseline: 7 +/- 3; chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation: 10 +/- 5; septal-lateral annular cinching: 6 +/- 2, percent septal-lateral shortening) or posterior mitral leaflet excursion (baseline: 46 degrees +/- 8 degrees; chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation: 41 degrees +/- 13 degrees; septal-lateral annular cinching: 46 degrees +/- 8 degrees ).In this model, septal-lateral annular cinching decreased chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation, reduced annular septal-lateral diameter (but not commissure-commissure diameter), and maintained normal annular and leaflet dynamics. These findings provide additional insight into the treatment of chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2003.09.036

View details for Web of Science ID 000220115400012

View details for PubMedID 15001893