Calcium detected by radiography was compared in 10 pairs of aortic and mitral glutaraldehyde-treated porcine bioprosthetic heart valves explanted from 10 patients (7 men and 3 women), aged 19 to 68 years (mean 43). Both valves of 6 pairs of valves had undergone primary tissue failure (revealed by cardiac catheterization and angiography) and 1 valve of the other 4 pairs of valves had undergone primary tissue failure. These porcine valves had been implanted from 2 1/4 to 9 years (mean 5 3/4). All 20 explanted valves contained calcium. The grade of calcium was the same in 4 pairs of valves (grade 2+ or 3+), and 1 grade different in 4 pairs of valves (grade 1+ to 4+), with the greater calcium evenly divided between the 2 valve positions. There was more than 1 grade greater mitral valve calcium in 2 pairs of valves (grade 3+ and 4+ mitral vs 1+ and 2+ aortic, respectively). Thus, calcium is usually present in both aortic and mitral valve positions when bioprosthetic valves of this type in either valve position fail as a result of primary tissue failure, and radiographic calcium in porcine bioprosthetic valves is usually similar in grade in both the aortic and mitral valve positions.
View details for Web of Science ID A1984TQ43000017
View details for PubMedID 6496325