Enhancement of Respiratory Navigator-Gated Three-Dimensional Spoiled Gradient-Recalled Echo Sequence with Variable Flip Angle Scheme MAGNETIC RESONANCE IN MEDICINE Iwadate, Y., Brau, A. C., Vasanawala, S. S., Kabasawa, H. 2014; 72 (1): 172-177


To develop and demonstrate the feasibility of a new technique for respiratory-gated, fat-suppressed, three-dimensional spoiled gradient-recalled echo (3D-SPGR) with navigator gating for more accurate and robust motion detection.A navigator-gated 3D-SPGR technique was modified to include a wait period immediately prior to the navigator sequence for magnetization recovery. Furthermore, a variable flip angle scheme was realized by a combination of ramp-up, ramp-down, and attenuation strategies for optimizing point spread functions. Phantom and human experiments were conducted with our technique on 1.5T scanners.Using the method, T1-weighted 3D images with improved signal homogeneity were acquired with a maximum flip angle of 30° in phantom and human tests. Also, compared with the conventional navigator-gated 3D-SPGR, accurate respiratory motion detection of free-breathing subjects was provided, leading to reduced motion artifacts.The combination of wait insertion and the variable flip angle method improved both motion detection accuracy and image homogeneity in a navigator-gated 3D-SPGR study.

View details for DOI 10.1002/mrm.24902

View details for Web of Science ID 000337624400020

View details for PubMedID 23904390