Although interleukin-1 (IL-1) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory osteolysis, the means by which it recruits osteoclasts and promotes bone destruction are largely unknown. Recently, a cytokine-driven, stromal cell-free mouse osteoclastogenesis model was established. A combination of macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) and receptor activator of NFkappaB ligand (RANKL) was proven to be sufficient in inducing differentiation of bone marrow hematopoietic precursor cells to bone-resorbing osteoclasts in the absence of stromal cells or osteoblasts. This study utilizes this model to examine the impact of human IL-1beta on in vitro osteoclastogenesis of bone marrow progenitor cells. We found that osteoclast precursor cells failed to undergo osteoclastogenesis when treated with IL-1 alone. In contrast, IL-1 dramatically up-regulated osteoclastogenesis by 2.5- to 4-folds in the presence of RANKL and M-CSF. The effect can be significantly blocked by IL-1 receptor antagonist (p < 0.01). Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) was undetectable in the culture medium of differentiating osteoclasts induced by IL-1. Adding exogenous TNF-alpha neutralizing antibody had no influence on the IL-1-induced effect as well. These results show that in the absence of stromal cells, IL-1 exacerbates osteoclastogenesis by cooperating with RANKL and M-CSF, while TNF-alpha is not involved in this IL-1-stimulated osteoclast differentiation pathway.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.cyto.2004.02.001
View details for PubMedID 15135808