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A quantitative high-throughput chemotaxis assay using bioluminescent reporter cells JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGICAL METHODS Vishwanath, R. P., Brown, C. E., Wagner, J. R., Meechoovet, H. B., Naranjo, A., Wright, C. L., Olivares, S., Qian, D., Cooper, L. J., Jensen, M. C. 2005; 302 (1-2): 78-89

Abstract

Here we report on a novel biophotonic assay system for the detection and quantitation of chemotaxis, the directed movement of cells in response to chemokine concentration gradients. Our assay employs a firefly luciferase (ffLuc)-generated biophotonic signal to quantify cellular migration in 96-well microplate chemotaxis instruments. When compared to direct cell enumeration, the biophotonic reporter method is superior in accuracy, reproducibility, and sensitivity. As a proof-of-concept, we demonstrate the utility of this assay for quantifying the chemotactic response of ex vivo expanded ffLuc(+) primary human T-cells to recombinant human chemokines MCP-1, RANTES, and IP-10. The 96-well microplate format and in situ biophotonic detection of cells are amenable to high-throughput screening of peptides and small molecule libraries to identify agonists and antagonists of cellular chemotaxis, to analyze biological fluids for chemotactic activity, and to study chemotaxis in a variety of cell types.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jim.2005.04.021

View details for Web of Science ID 000231490600007

View details for PubMedID 15987642