Antirotation Pins Improve Stability of the Compress Limb Salvage Implant: A Biomechanical Study CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH Avedian, R. S., Chen, T., Lindsey, D., Palanca, A., Mohler, D. 2014; 472 (12): 3982-3986


Limb salvage implants that rely on compliant compression osseointegration to achieve bone fixation may achieve longer survivorship rates compared with traditional cemented or press-fit stemmed implants; however, failures resulting from rotational instability have been reported. The effect of using antirotation pins on the rotational stability of the fixation has not been well studied.We asked the following question: When tested in a cadaver model, does the use of antirotation pins increase the torque required to cause implant failure or rotation?Thirty-two cadaver femurs were divided into four groups of eight femurs. We compared the torque to failure among groups containing zero, one, two, three, and four pins using a servohydraulic testing device.Adding antirotation pins increased the torque required to cause failure (R(2) = 0.77; p < 0.001). This increase was most notable in groups comparing zero pins with one pin (14 N-m, [95% CI, 10.9-17.1] versus 23 N-m, [95% CI 22.5-23.48]; p = 0.01) and two compared with three pins (29 N-m, [95% CI, 21.7-36.3] versus 42 N-m, [95% CI, 37.8-46.2]; p = 0.35).It appears that the use of antirotation pins improves rotational stability of the compliant compression endoprosthesis. Although these findings need to be verified in a clinical study, the addition of antirotation pins may improve osteointegration and we have changed our practice to use a minimum of three antirotation pins when implanting this device.Improvements in implant technology and surgical techniques may lead to improved clinical outcomes and patient quality of life. Addition of antirotation pins appears to improve implant stability and may decrease the need for revision surgery.

View details for DOI 10.1007/s11999-014-3899-9

View details for Web of Science ID 000344647200052

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4397809