A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether robotic parathyroidectomy (RP) is a feasible and safe alternative to targeted open parathyroidectomy for the treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). A total of 36 papers were identified using the reported searches of which 5 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, date, journal, study type, population, main outcome measures and results are tabulated. Targeted parathyroidectomy constitutes the co-gold-standard procedure for pHPT with results equivalent to bilateral cervical exploration. This has led to the proliferation of minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) techniques for pre-operatively localised adenomas. None has been shown to be overwhelmingly superior. RP constitutes the most recent addition. RP overcomes the limitations of conventional endoscopic surgery and simultaneously avoids a neck scar by concealing it in the axilla or infraclavicular area. The evidence from the present review shows that RP is feasible and leads to a superior cosmetic result compared to targeted open parathyroidectomy (TOP) with an equivalent safety profile. As with every surgical technique, appropriate patient selection is crucial. Long-term data are currently awaited on RP especially in view of its high cost and long operative time compared to TOP and other MIP techniques. Hence, RP offers a viable but costly alternative to other forms of MIP in patients where even the smallest and most cosmetic neck scar is not an option.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ijsu.2015.01.019
View details for PubMedID 25638734