Surgical resident education is entering a critical era of achieving core competencies despite work hour restrictions. An assessment of on-call activity is needed to maximize educational merit.A time-motion study of resident on-call activity was performed at a university medical center and an urban affiliate hospital. Residents were followed by "shadow" residents who concurrently recorded resident activity.Activities of daily living and patient evaluation comprised the majority of on-call activity. Residents slept a median of 200 minutes per night. Cross-coverage activities accounted for 41% of pages and 19% of patient evaluation. Direct patient contact comprised only 7% of call night duties. Communication activity occupied 15% of total minutes, and a mean of 16 pages were received nightly. Significant differences in activities existed between resident levels and hospitals.Call activity consists primarily of activities of daily living, patient evaluation, and communication. Sleep accounts for nearly one third of all on-call activity. These data may be useful in improving both patient care and resident call experience.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2004.06.011
View details for Web of Science ID 000223921400004
View details for PubMedID 15450824