Chronic coccidioidomycosis infection of the knee: a case report. American journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.) Werle, J., Goodman, S. 2004; 33 (8): 409-411


Coccidioidomycosis is a rare fungal infection caused by C immitis in endemic areas of the southwestern United States. Extrapulmonary hematogenous dissemination is a feared complication of the primary pulmonary disease. The musculoskeletal system can be involved, and disseminated musculoskeletal infections can be extremely difficult to eradicate. Surgical treatment of chronic bone and joint infections includes débridement and eventual arthrodesis for end-stage secondary osteoarthritis.

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