The effect of preexisting hypertension on living donor nephron number has not been established. In this study, we determined the association between preexisting donor hypertension and glomerular number and volume and assessed the effect of predonation hypertension on postdonation BP, adaptive hyperfiltration, and compensatory glomerular hypertrophy. We enrolled 51 living donors to undergo physiologic, morphometric, and radiologic evaluations before and after kidney donation. To estimate the number of functioning glomeruli (NFG), we divided the whole-kidney ultrafiltration coefficient (Kf) by the single-nephron ultrafiltration coefficient (SNKf). Ten donors were hypertensive before donation. We found that, in donors ages >50 years old, preexisting hypertension was associated with a reduction in NFG. In a comparison of 10 age- and sex-matched hypertensive and normotensive donors, we observed more marked glomerulopenia in hypertensive donors (NFG per kidney, 359,499±128,929 versus 558,239±205,152; P=0.02). Glomerulopenia was associated with a nonsignificant reduction in GFR in the hypertensive group (89±12 versus 95±16 ml/min per 1.73 m(2)). We observed no difference in the corresponding magnitude of postdonation BP, hyperfiltration capacity, or compensatory renocortical hypertrophy between hypertensive and normotensive donors. Nevertheless, we propose that the greater magnitude of glomerulopenia in living kidney donors with preexisting hypertension justifies the need for long-term follow-up studies.
View details for DOI 10.1681/ASN.2014030304
View details for Web of Science ID 000355386100007
View details for PubMedID 25525178
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4446872