Tofacitinib fixed-dose regimens attained better kidney function and comparable efficacy to cyclosporine (CsA) in kidney transplant patients, albeit with increased risks of certain adverse events. This post-hoc analysis evaluated whether a patient subgroup with an acceptable risk-benefit profile could be identified. Tofacitinib exposure was a statistically significant predictor of serious infection rate. One-hundred and eighty six kidney transplant patients were re-categorized to above-median (AME) or below-median (BME) exposure groups. The 6-month biopsy-proven acute rejection rates in AME, BME and CsA groups were 7.8%, 15.7% and 17.7%, respectively. Measured glomerular filtration rate was higher in AME and BME groups versus CsA (61.2 and 67.9 vs. 53.9?mL/min) at Month 12. Fewer patients developed interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy (IF/TA) at Month 12 in AME (20.5%) and BME (27.8%) groups versus CsA (48.3%). Serious infections occurred more frequently in the AME group (53.0%) than in BME (28.4%) or CsA (25.5%) groups. Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) only occurred in the AME group. In kidney transplant patients, the BME group preserved the clinical advantage of comparable acute rejection rates, improved renal function and a lower incidence of IF/TA versus CsA, and with similar rates of serious infection and no PTLD.
View details for DOI 10.1111/ajt.13181
View details for Web of Science ID 000354621200024
View details for PubMedID 25649117