Differential expression of matrix metalloproteinases and their tissue-derived inhibitors in cutaneous wound repair PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY Soo, C., Shaw, W. W., Zhang, X. L., Longaker, M. T., Howard, E. W., Ting, K. 2000; 105 (2): 638-647


Wound extracellular matrix is a key regulator of cell adhesion, migration, proliferation, and differentiation during cutaneous repair. The amount and organization of normal wound extracellular matrix are determined by a dynamic balance among overall matrix synthesis, deposition, and degradation. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are one family of structurally related enzymes that have the collective ability to degrade nearly all extracellular matrix components. The MMPs are broadly categorized into collagenases, gelatinases, stromelysins, and membrane-type MMPs by their substrate specificity. The aim of this study was to characterize the temporal changes in mRNA profiles for rat collagenase [matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1)], gelatinase A (MMP-2), matrilysin (MMP-7), gelatinase B (MMP-9), and membrane type 1-MMP (MT1-MMP), as well as tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1), TIMP-2, and TIMP-3 during the inflammatory, granulation, and early remodeling phases of excisional skin repair. Eight full-thickness skin wounds were made on the backs of each rat (7-mm2 wounds; 16 rats; n = 128 wounds). Two animals at a time were reanesthetized, and all eight wounds on each animal were excised at 12 and 24 hours and at 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14 days after injury. Six wounds from each animal were excised for RNA isolation, whereas two wounds were excised for histology. Controls consisted of nonwounded skin from identical locations in four animals. Total RNA from each time point was isolated and relative mRNA quantitation performed by using reduced-cycle reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Correct polymerase chain reaction product amplification was confirmed by probing the blotted polymerase chain reaction product with a 32P-labeled oligonucleotide specific for a given MMP or TIMP. We demonstrated that the majority of MMP and TIMP mRNA induction and peak expression coincided temporally with the well-characterized inflammatory and granulation stages of repair. In conclusion, there is a distinct pattern of MMP and TIMP expression during normal excisional wound repair.

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View details for PubMedID 10697171