Although second-look laparotomy to ascertain primary therapeutic effect on ovarian cancer has been generally accepted, laparoscopy for this purpose has been controversial. Between 1974 and 1978, 119 consecutive laparoscopic examinations were performed on 57 patients with ovarian cancer to monitor the effect of chemotherapy or to determine disease status. Most procedures included intraperitoneal biopsy and cytologic evaluation of peritoneal washings. Seventy-three percent of the procedures were successful. Fourteen percent of the patients had major complications requiring laparotomy, most of which involved bowel perforation. Complications were significantly reduced when routine laparoscopy was preceded by needle laparoscopy. A negative laparoscopy including biopsy and cytologic evaluation was associated with a significant increase in survival when compared with the entire patient group. Repetitive laparoscopy permitted early detection of recurrence and identified patients whose risk of recurrence after 24 months was low. With each successive negative laparoscopy, the mean duration of remission was longer and the probability of recurrence lower.
View details for Web of Science ID A1981LY12800011
View details for PubMedID 6454868