Positive selection for bone morphogenetic protein receptor type-IB promotes differentiation and specification of human adipose-derived stromal cells toward an osteogenic lineage. Tissue engineering. Part A McArdle, A., Chung, M. T., Paik, K. J., Duldulao, C., Chan, C., Rennert, R., Walmsley, G. G., Senarath-Yapa, K., Hu, M., Seo, E., Lee, M., Wan, D. C., Longaker, M. T. 2014; 20 (21-22): 3031-3040


Adipose tissue represents an abundant and easily accessible source of multipotent cells that may serve as an excellent building block for tissue engineering. However, adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) are a heterogeneous group and subpopulations may be identified with enhanced osteogenic potential.Human ASC subpopulations were prospectively isolated based on expression of bone morphogenetic protein receptor type-IB (BMPR-IB). Unsorted, BMPR-IB(+), and BMPR-IB(-) cells were analyzed for their osteogenic capacity through histological staining and gene expression. To evaluate their in vivo osteogenic potential, critical-sized calvarial defects were created in immunocompromised mice and treated with unsorted, BMPR-IB(+), or BMPR-IB(-) cells. Healing was assessed using microcomputed tomography and pentachrome staining of specimens at 8 weeks.Increased osteogenic differentiation was noted in the BMPR-IB(+) subpopulation, as demonstrated by alkaline phosphatase staining at day 7 and extracellular matrix mineralization with Alizarin red staining at day 14. This was also associated with increased expression for osteocalcin, a late marker of osteogenesis. Radiographic analysis demonstrated significantly enhanced healing of critical-sized calvarial defects treated with BMPR-IB(+) ASCs compared with unsorted or BMPR-IB(-) cells. This was confirmed through pentachrome staining, which revealed more robust bone regeneration in the BMPR-IB(+) group.BMPR-IB(+) human ASCs have an enhanced ability to form bone both in vitro and in vivo. These data suggest that positive selection for BMPR-IB(+) and manipulation of the BMP pathway in these cells may yield a highly osteogenic subpopulation of cells for bone tissue engineering.

View details for DOI 10.1089/ten.TEA.2014.0101

View details for PubMedID 24854876