Meta-analysis of patients with hepatitis C virus genotype 6: 48 weeks with pegylated interferon and ribavirin is superior to 24 weeks. Hepatology international Nguyen, N. H., McCormack, S. A., Yee, B. E., Devaki, P., Jencks, D., Chao, D. T., Nguyen, M. H. 2014; 8 (4): 540-549


Hepatitis C virus genotype 6 (HCV-6) is common in patients from Southeast Asia and the surrounding regions. Optimal treatment duration for HCV-6 is unknown given the inconclusive evidence from studies with varying methodologies and small sample sizes.A literature search for 'genotype 6' in MEDLINE and EMBASE in October 2013 produced 161 and 251 articles, respectively. Additional abstracts were identified from four major international GI/liver conferences in 2012/2013. Inclusion criteria were original studies with =10 HCV-6 treatment-naïve patients treated with pegylated interferon + ribavirin (PEG IFN+RBV). Exclusion criteria were coinfections with HBV, HIV, other HCV genotypes, and/or other liver diseases. Primary outcome was pooled sustained virologic response (SVR). Heterogeneity was defined by Cochrane Q test (p value of 0.10) and I (2) statistic (=50 %).A total of 13 studies with 641 patients were included. The pooled SVR estimate was 77 % (CI 70-83 %) (Q value = 38.4, p value <0.001, I (2) = 68.7 %) overall, 79 % (CI 73-84 %) for the 48-week group and 59 % (CI 46-70 %) for 24-week group, respectively. In studies with direct comparison of the two groups, SVR was superior in patients treated for 48 versus 24 weeks, OR 1.9 (CI 1.08-3.2, p = 0.026). In studies with direct comparison of patients with rapid virologic response (RVR), there was no difference in SVR between 48 versus 24 weeks, OR 1.74 (CI 0.65-4.64, p = 0.27).Hepatitis C virus genotype 6 patients should be treated for 48 weeks, and those who achieve RVR may receive the shorter 24-week treatment duration. The high SVR (~80 %) with 48 weeks of PEG IFN+RBV therapy may be a cost-effective option for HCV-6 patients from resource-poor regions.

View details for DOI 10.1007/s12072-014-9570-4

View details for PubMedID 26202759