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To our knowledge this paper is the first to use recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) for brainstem metastasis (BSM) patient outcomes, after CyberKnife radiosurgery (CKRS; Accuray, Sunnyvale, CA, USA); nine similar previous publications used mainly Gamma Knife radiosurgery (Elekta AB, Stockholm, Sweden). Retrospective chart reviews from 2006-2013 of 949 CKRS-treated brain metastasis patients showed 54BSM patients (5.7%): 35 RPA Class II (65%) and 19 Class III (35%). There were 30 women (56%) and 24 men (44%). The median age was 59years (range 36-80) and median follow-up was 5months (range 1-52). Twenty-three patients (43%) had lung carcinoma BSM and 12 (22%) had breast cancer BSM. Fifty-four RPA Class II and III BSM patients had a median overall survival (OS) of 5months, and for each Class 8 and 2months, respectively. Of 36 RPA Class II and III patients with available symptoms (n=31) and findings (n=33), improvement/stability occurred in the majority for symptoms (86%) and findings (92%). Of 35 cases, 28 (80%) achieved BSM local control (LC); 13/14 with breast histology (93%) and 10/13 with lung histology (77%). All six RPA Class II and III patients with controlled extracranial systemic disease (ESD) experienced LC. Median tumor volume was 0.14cm(3); of 34 RPA Class II and III cases, 26 LC patients had a 0,13cm(3) median tumor volume while it was 0.27cm(3) in the eight local failures. Of 35 cases, single session equivalent dosages less than the median (n=13), at the 17.9Gy median (n=5) and greater than the median (n=17) had BSM LC in 10 (77%), four (80%) and 14 cases (82%), respectively. Univariate analysis showed Karnofsky Performance Score, RPA Class and ESD-control predicted OS. CKRS is useful for RPA Class II and III BSM patients with effective clinical and local BSM control.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jocn.2015.10.013
View details for PubMedID 26778047