Numerous topical agents have been used intraoperatively to enhance postoperative mucosal healing or reduce scar formation. However, the histological effects of many of these treatments have not been well described. This study investigates the impact of topical mometasone furoate, acitretin, lactoferrin, and Silastic sheet (Medtronic) on sinus mucosal healing in a rabbit model.Forty-eight New Zealand white rabbits underwent defined, localized stripping of a bilateral region of maxillary sinus mucosa. One of 6 treatments was placed in 1 maxillary sinus, and the treatment carrier was applied contralaterally (0.1% mometasone furoate, 0.25% and 0.5% acitretin, lactoferrin, Silastic, and no treatment; n = 8 each group). Rabbits were euthanized after 2 weeks and histological sections were examined with light microscopy.Treatment with acitretin 0.25% and 0.5% improved cilial recovery by 0.9 ± 0.5 (p = 0.003) and 0.5 ± 0.5 (p < 0.05), respectively. Acitretin 0.25% treatment also significantly reduced collagen in healing mucosa (5.1% ± 4.8%, p = 0.04). Conversely, rabbits treated with mometasone furoate 0.1% were more likely to have reduced cilial and goblet cell recovery. Intergroup comparisons demonstrated a significant improvement in cilial recovery scores with both acitretin doses compared with mometasone furoate (p < 0.05) and less collagen deposition in rabbits treated with placebo gel over Silastic (p < 0.05). Mucosa directly underlying a blood clot had a lower cilia score and impaired epithelial recovery (p < 0.001).Intraoperatively applied agents have the potential to significantly affect wound healing. Acitretin improved cilial recovery and reduced collagen deposition.
View details for DOI 10.1002/alr.21470
View details for Web of Science ID 000352580700008
View details for PubMedID 25677963