There are no prior studies assessing the relationship between left atrial volume (LAV) and inappropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy following treatment with cardiac resynchronization therapy.The purpose of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that patients randomized to cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D) in the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Trial-Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (MADIT-CRT) who had significant LAV reductions would have reduced risks of inappropriate ICD therapy.Cardiac resynchronization remodeling was assessed by measuring LAV change between baseline and 12-month echocardiograms in 751 CRT-D treated patients. Patients were stratified into quartiles based on percent reduction of LAV change. High LAV responders were those in the highest 3 quartiles of LAV reduction (LAV reduction =21%). Low LAV responders were those in the lowest quartile of LAV reduction (LAV reduction <21%). Clinical factors associated with =21% reduction in LAV were evaluated by linear regression analysis.In Cox proportional hazards regression analyses, high LAV responders had a 39% reduction in the risk of inappropriate therapy (hazard ratio 0.61, P = .04) and left bundle branch block patients exhibited an even greater risk reduction in inappropriate therapy (hazard ratio 0.51, P = .02) compared to low LAV responders during follow-up extending up to 3 years after the 12-month echocardiogram. High LAV responders also had a significantly lower risk of heart failure or death during follow-up than did low LAV responders.A =21% reduction in LAV with cardiac resynchronization therapy is associated with significant reductions in inappropriate ICD therapy and in heart failure or death during a 3-year follow-up.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.hrthm.2014.01.033
View details for Web of Science ID 000336395600014
View details for PubMedID 24502968