CT perfusion technique for assessment of early kidney allograft dysfunction: preliminary results EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY Helck, A., Wessely, M., Notohamiprodjo, M., Schoenermarck, U., Klotz, E., Fischereder, M., Schoen, F., Nikolaou, K., Clevert, D. A., Reiser, M., Becker, C. 2013; 23 (9): 2475-2481


To assess the benefit of quantitative computed tomography (CT) perfusion for differentiating acute tubular necrosis (ATN) and acute rejection (AR) in kidney allografts.Twenty-two patients with acute kidney allograft dysfunction caused by either AR (n?=?6) or ATN (n?=?16) were retrospectively included in the study. All patients initially underwent a multiphase CT angiography (CTA) protocol (12 phases, one phase every 3.5 s) covering the whole graft to exclude acute postoperative complications. Multiphase CT dataset and dedicated software were used to calculate renal blood flow. Renal biopsy or clinical course of disease served as the standard of reference. Mean effective radiation dose and mean amount of contrast media were calculated.Renal blood flow values were significantly lower (P?=?0.001) in allografts undergoing AR (48.3?±?21 ml/100 ml/min) compared with those with ATN (77.5?±?21 ml/100 ml/min). No significant difference (P?=?0.71) was observed regarding creatinine level with 5.65?±?3.1 mg/dl in AR and 5.3?±?1.9 mg/dl in ATN. The mean effective radiation dose of the CT perfusion protocol was 13.6?±?5.2 mSv; the mean amount of contrast media applied was 34.5?±?5.1 ml. All examinations were performed without complications.CT perfusion of kidney allografts may help to differentiate between ATN and rejection.• Quantitative CT perfusion of renal transplants is feasible. • CT perfusion could help to non-invasively differentiate AR from ATN. • CT perfusion might make some renal biopsies unnecessary.

View details for DOI 10.1007/s00330-013-2862-6

View details for Web of Science ID 000323056600015

View details for PubMedID 23660773