Iatrogenic Phenol Injury Causing Facial Paralysis With Tympanic Membrane and Ossicular Necrosis OTOLOGY & NEUROTOLOGY Maria, P. L., Corrales, C. E., Sevy, A. B., Jackler, R. K. 2016; 37 (4): 385-387


To describe a serious iatrogenic injury and propose means of reducing the risk of its reoccurrence.A 21-year-old man who suffered facial paralysis, complete necrosis of the tympanic membrane, and ossicular discontinuity because of chemical burn from accidental application of copious amounts of topical anesthetic phenol into the ear.Conservative management of facial paralysis and delayed reconstruction of the tympanic membrane and ossicular chain.Gradual recovery to grade 1/6 facial function, successful repair of the tympanic membrane, but persistent 30-dB conductive hearing loss after partial ossicular replacement prosthesis presumably because of scarring.Phenol is a highly toxic chemical, topically to both skin and eyes. Absorbed through the skin it can have lethal cardiotoxicity. It is also potent neurotoxin at concentrations much lower (4-7%) than used for tympanic membrane anesthesia (89%) and has long been used therapeutically to destroy nerves in patients of contractions or intractable pain. Otologists need to have a healthy respect for the dangers of using phenol. As only a minute quantity is needed for tympanic anesthesia, commercially available prepackaged applicators are preferred. Storage of stock bottles of 89% phenol solutions in clinical settings risks injury to both patients and practitioners.

View details for DOI 10.1097/MAO.0000000000000979

View details for Web of Science ID 000374881000016

View details for PubMedID 26927759