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Cervical Osteochondroma Causing Myelopathy in Adults: Management Considerations and Literature Review. World neurosurgery Veeravagu, A., Li, A., Shuer, L. M., Desai, A. M. 2016


Osteochondromas are the most frequent benign bone tumors but only rarely occur along the spinal column and even more rarely induce symptoms from spinal cord compression.We report 2 adult patients, both with a history of hereditary multiple exostoses, who presented with cervical myelopathy secondary to osteochondromas. The first patient is a 22-year-old man with numbness and weakness of his right upper limb and neck pain. Radiologic images showed a bony tumor arising from the C3 lamina with evidence of severe spinal cord compression. The second patient is a 20-year-old woman with weakness of her left upper and lower limbs and progressive numbness of the left hand, as well as neck and back pain. Radiologic images showed a bony tumor arising from the C4 lamina with evidence of significant spinal cord compression and cord signal abnormality. Both patients underwent surgical excision of the epidural mass and pathology confirmed a diagnosis of osteochondroma.We discuss the role of surgical intervention, management, and postoperative follow-up in adult patients with cervical osteochondromas. Recommended management includes radiographic imaging and surgical intervention, particularly when evidence of spinal cord impingement occurs. Consistent postoperative follow-up is necessary to ensure appropriate recovery of neurologic function. Surgical management of cervical osteochondromas typically results in excellent and stable clinical outcomes with rare recurrence.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.wneu.2016.10.061

View details for PubMedID 27777159