Angiotensin (Ang) II type 1 receptor (AT1) activation is essential for the development of exogenous Ang II-induced abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) in hyperlipidemic animals. Experimental data derived from this modeling system, however, provide limited insight into the role of endogenous Ang II in aneurysm pathogenesis. Consequently, the potential translational value of AT1 inhibition in clinical AAA disease management remains incompletely understood on the basis of the existing literature.AAAs were created in wild-type (WT) and AT1a knockout (KO) mice by intra-aortic infusion of porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE). WT mice were treated with the AT1 receptor antagonist telmisartan, 10 mg/kg/d in chow, or the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ? (PPAR?) antagonist GW9662, 3 mg/kg/d through oral gavage, beginning 1 week before or 3 days after PPE infusion. Influences on aneurysm progression as well as mechanistic insights into AT1-mediated pathogenic processes were determined using noninvasive ultrasound imaging, histopathology, aortic gene expression profiling, and flow cytometric analysis.After PPE infusion, aortic enlargement was almost completely abrogated in AT1a KO mice compared with WT mice. As defined by a =50% increase in aortic diameter, no PPE-infused, AT1a KO mouse actually developed an AAA. On histologic evaluation, medial smooth muscle cellularity and elastic lamellae were preserved in AT1a KO mice compared with WT mice, with marked attenuation of mural angiogenesis and leukocyte infiltration. In WT mice, telmisartan administration effectively suppressed aneurysm pathogenesis after PPE infusion as well, regardless of whether treatment was initiated before or after aneurysm creation or continued for a limited or extended time. Telmisartan treatment was associated with reduced messenger RNA levels for CCL5 and matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9 in aneurysmal aortae, with no apparent effect on PPAR?-regulated gene expression. Administration of the PPAR? antagonist GW9662 failed to "rescue" the aneurysm phenotype in telmisartan-treated, PPE-infused WT mice. Neither effector T-cell differentiation nor regulatory T-cell cellularity was affected by telmisartan treatment status.Telmisartan effectively suppresses the progression of elastase-induced AAAs without apparent effect on PPAR? activation or T-cell differentiation. These findings reinforce the critical importance of endogenous AT1 activation in experimental AAA pathogenesis and reinforce the translational potential of AT1 inhibition in medical aneurysm disease management.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jvs.2016.12.110
View details for PubMedID 28434702