We examined the effects of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) particles on mononuclear cell proinflammatory gene expression in a novel murine model. We hypothesized that mononuclear cell gene transcription of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) would be upregulated by the addition of polyethylene particles in this murine intramedullary rod model.The model involved a stainless steel Kirschner wire inserted retrograde with a line-to-line fit in bilateral femora of C57bl/6 mice. Additionally, the right femora were injected with 3 x 10(9) UHMWPE particles. Mononuclear marrow cells were isolated by bone marrow aspiration and Ficoll-Paque centrifugation at 2, 4 and 10 weeks post-surgery. Total RNA was isolated and real-time RT-PCR was performed to quantify gene expression. Histological specimens of explanted femora were also analyzed to track the changes in periprosthetic tissue.UHMWPE particles stimulated gene transcription in mononuclear cells when examined at 2, 4 and 10 weeks post-surgery, compared to the rod-only group. Relative levels of IL-1beta and MCP-1 mRNA increased in a linear fashion over the 10-week time-course. IL-6 mRNA showed increased expression which peaked at 4 weeks. TNF-alpha mRNA expression was variable and reached a minimum at 4 weeks. The addition of UHMWPE particles stimulated ingress of macrophages and multinuclear cells of macrophage origin to the bone-implant interface.In this model, a single bolus of UHMWPE particles had a long-term effect on gene transcription in mononuclear cells which perpetuated a chronic inflammatory state. This murine model of intramedullary particle-induced inflammation simulates periprosthetic events associated with implant wear in humans, and may contribute to a more mechanistic understanding of wear-debris associated prosthesis failure.
View details for DOI 10.1080/17453670510041321
View details for PubMedID 16156472